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 Psychosis is when people lose contact with reality, often hear or see things that are not there, or believing in things that are not true. Psychosis can be caused by a psychological condition such as bipolar disorder, stress or anxiety or schizophrenia. It can also be caused by substance misuse or withdrawal from drugs or alcohol or can be triggered by general medical condition. 



The three common symptoms of psychosis are:


- Hallucinations

Hallucinations are when a person experiences things that do not exist outside of their mind. This includes hearing, seeing or feeling things that are not there. 


- Delusions

Delusions are beliefs that based on something that is untrue. A person may have persecutory delusions believing that someone or something has plans to hurt them or they may have grandiose delusion believing they have power or authority over something. Individuals with hallucinations or delusions are usually unaware that what they are experiencing is not real which can cause further distress.


- Disturbed thoughts 

Disturbed thoughts is also common, individuals may experience disruptions in their thoughts which can cause confusion and disturbed speech where a person switches topis mid-sentence.


See a GP immediately if experiencing symptoms of psychosis. It is important to treat it as soon as possible, as early treatment can be more effective.



In an emergency:

Call 999 or go to your local A&E department

These services offer confidential advice from trained volunteers. You can talk about anything that's troubling you, no matter how difficult:

-Call 116 123 to talk to Samaritans, or email: for a reply within 24 hour- Text "SHOUT" to 85258 to  contact the Shout Crisis Text Line, or text "YM" if you're under 19